Psychology is by no means a monolith. There are many different types of psychology out there, and it's interesting to learn about them. Whether you need to talk to a psychologist, or you want to have a degree in psychology, it's worth noting the differences. Today, we will be looking at clinical psychology and counseling psychology. What are the differences between the two? In this post, we will explain all about them.
It's easy to see why some people would be confused when it comes to the difference between counseling and clinical psychology. This is because they share quite a few similarities with each other. Both of them involve psychotherapy, which involves treating mental disorders through mental techniques rather than, or in addition to taking medicine.
Both professions have employees in similar places. You can find both types of psychologists in universities, hospitals, health clinics, and private places.
Licenses are also quite similar. Both types of psychologists are licensed under the same psychology license, and this just makes it even more confusing. Despite all the similarities, however, they are quite different. Let 's start with the origins.
The Origins of The Words
To find the differences between the two professions, we should look at the names and their origins.
Let's look at clinical first. The word comes from the Greek word "kline." This means bed. How does a bed correlate to clinical psychology? Because the treatment may be given at the bedside of the client.
The word counseling makes sense. It comes from the Latin word "consulere," which is an advisor. The word is quite similar to a counselor, and we can see its origins.
You can probably figure out a difference between the two already, but let's dive in further and explain more.
These are psychologists who deal with more serious mental illnesses. These are often people who work with psychiatrists. During World War II, they often would help soldiers who had PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder, and their treatments were a softer alternative to psychiatric work.
Other disorders clinical psychologists treat include:
Other tasks that a clinical psychologist does.
With that said, what is counseling psychology? Counseling psychology involves working with people who have less severe problems. Often, it can involve people who are trying to stay well and prevent any serious mental health conditions from happening. Their work involves the client more.
Some things a counseling psychologist can treat include:
Counseling psychology has more empathy than clinical psychology. A psychologist in counseling needs to be put themselves in the shoes of all their clients, many of whom may have a different background than the client. A psychologist in counseling needs to put themselves in the shoes of all their clients and be able to help them with their life decisions. This is why counseling psychologists help families and those who are addicted. People like that need to have a professional who can empathize and be able to provide solutions to all their problems.
Education Of A Counseling And Clinical Psychologist
To have the best experience, you need to find a counselor who is well-educated. A good counselor is someone who has a master's degree in counseling or a Ph.D. If someone has a master's, they may work under the supervision of someone who has a Ph.D. Those who have PhDs have more experience, making them better for private companies. If a university offers an internship, this is usually recognized by the APA.
If a counselor is providing outpatient care, a psychologist needs to have a license. The requirements for a license may vary depending on what state you're in. In most states, a counselor needs to have a Ph.D., internship, and have a few years of work experience to cut.
A clinical psychologist or a counseling psychologist is a long journey, but it's worth it. Most psychologists gladly sacrifice the time to become a licensed psychologist. It's a career that is always rewarding, and it never stops being interesting. If you're interested in becoming a psychologist, there are many ways to pursue the career.
Which Degree Should You Pursue?
If you are pursuing a degree in psychology, you may wonder which degree you should pursue. Should you go for clinical or counseling? It may be hard for you to decide which degree is right for you, and it can depend on your interests. You may be someone who wants to treat those who are the most unfortunate. Those who have severe mental disorders that make every day of their life awful. You hope you can find a cure and one day be able to treat them properly.
On the other hand, you may want to help people who you can empathize more with and who don't have severe mental disorders, but life problems that you can deal with. Counseling psychology is a great career to take in this kind of situation. It just all depends on what you want. Both programs are similar yet different at the same time. You need to choose a career whose interests align with yours. Don't go into clinical psychology if you aren't prepared to deal with severe mental disorders.
There is no shame in going to a psychologist if you need help. A therapist is designed to empathize and provide treatment options for your situation, no matter what it is. It's understandable why some are skeptical about therapy, but once you try it, you'll wonder why you ever were skeptical. A therapist can provide you with solutions, plans, and other ways to succeed. By seeking help, you're admitting that you want to grow and that you want to succeed. So, talk to a therapist today and see what they can do.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
How is Counseling psychology different from clinical psychology?
Counseling psychology and clinical psychology are similar but different fields of expertise. Psychology counseling occurs when psychologists provide advice and treatment tactics to those with less severe mental health conditions or illnesses. Counseling psychologists may focus on relationship issues, substance abuse, career advice, life changes, situational anxiety or depression, and other topics. On the other hand, clinical psychologists help treat patients who are living with more severe mental conditions or illnesses. This can include but is not limited to: bipolar disorder, schizophrenic thoughts, or more severe forms of depression and anxiety. Additionally, a professional within counseling psychology may work in school psychology or school counseling, which differs slightly from clinical counseling. A psychology degree has many different paths, and these are just two potential routes.
Can a clinical psychologist do counseling?
Both clinical psychologists and counseling psychologists are trained to provide psychotherapy and counseling. Clinical psychologists typically focus more on treating severe mental disorders and less on vocational guidance and advice that comes with counseling psychology. With that said, a clinical psychologist is more than capable of giving sound psychology counseling and professional psychology advice through clinical counseling. Having a psychology degree typically means a person has been mildly trained to provide psychotherapy or advice.
Is clinical mental health counseling the same as clinical psychology?
Clinical counseling and clinical or counseling psychology are similar but fundamentally different. Both counselors and psychologists are state-licensed, serve clients directly, and seek to improve patients' quality of life or mental health. However, school counseling and school psychology produce different degrees for those who attend, and counseling centers likely don’t employ a professional psychology expert. These two roles can overlap but are not the same. For example, psychology clinical counseling can be an area of expertise that psychologists provide, but it is not the limit of their duties.
Does clinical psychology pay well?
A professional psychology worker within organizational psychology, psychological counseling, or clinical counseling can make an excellent salary. Those with under five years of experience may make around $60,000 on the low end, but well above $100,000 with a few more years’ experience. This makes psychology clinical one of the highest paying routes for counseling psychologists. With that said, there are different career paths for psychology, and those working in school psychology or school counseling, for example, may make less than someone working in organizational psychology or broader psychology counseling. Regardless, earning a psychology degree can open the door to a high salary.
Why is clinical psychology so competitive?
Clinical psychology is such a competitive field due to the fact that it presents many career opportunities. A professional psychology worker can do research, become a professor, work independently as a therapist, or become a program administrator. Due to this wide range of professions emerging from school psychology, many seek to launch a career in organizational psychology, psychology counseling, school counseling, or another field their psychology degree allows for. Certain clinical psychology areas are less competitive, such as counseling and school psychology, but there will always be some degree of competition.
What's the salary of a clinical psychologist?
The salary of clinical psychology depends upon the specific route within professional psychology a person has chosen. On the low end, $60,000 is an expected salary, but clinical psychologists working as experienced professors and researchers can earn well over $100,000. A psychology degree is a pathway to many fields such as organizational psychology, psychology counseling, school counseling, school psychology, and more. Each of these specific professions pays different salaries based on location and experience.
Is there a demand for clinical psychologists?
Yes, psychology's general field is expected to grow three percent over the next decade, with the best professional psychology prospects open to those with an advanced psychology degree such as a doctorate. Counseling and school psychologists are demanded school psychology and professionals in organizational psychology, broad psychology counseling, and more to give professional psychology treatment and advice.
Is Clinical Psychology dangerous?
It has been reported that 35-40% of professional psychology workers in clinical practice are at risk of being assaulted by a patient at some time during their lengthy clinical careers. However, this depends on the specific type of psychology practice. Some areas such as organizational psychology, school counseling, school psychology, or working at counseling centers, if allowed, are generally less dangerous. With the above said, clinical psychology is not an overly dangerous field, and the risks are more emotional rather than physical.